Penetration testing or pen test is an authorized or legally simulated attack performed on a unit or computer system for security evaluation. Penetration testers use the same techniques, processes, and tools as attackers to search and demonstrate the business impacts of a system’s weakness. Thus, penetration testing services Australia eliminates or prevents cyber attacks against a computer system to check for exploited vulnerabilities.
Benefits of penetration testing
Ideally, systems and software aimed and were designed to eliminate dangerous security flaws. Penetration testing provides insight into how well the aim was achieved. A pen test can help a company to do such work:
Find the system’s weakness
Determine the controls’ robustness
Support compliance with security regulations and data privacy
Offers quantitative and qualitative examples of the latest security posture and budget priorities for management
What pen testers can access?
It depends on the goals of pen testing, the testers can access varying degrees of info about the target system. Some pen testing team takes one approach at the beginning and sticks with it. The testing team will evolve the strategy as its awareness of the system is elevated during the pen testing. The three pen test levels access is:
1. Opaque box. The team has no idea about the target system’s internal structure. It will act as hackers searching for externally exploitable weaknesses.
2. Semi-opaque box. The team knows single or more sets of credentials, including the target’s parts, such as
Internal data structures
The pen test might construct a test based on the detailed design such as the target system’s architectural diagrams.
1. Transparent box. The pen testers have access to the system artifacts and the system, including:
2. Source code
Servers running the system
The approach provides the highest level of assurance in a short time.
Phases of penetration testing
Penetration testing services simulate attacks by motivated competitors. Penetration testing has plans and these come into phases, such as:
Reconnaissance. Collect information about the target as much as possible, from public to private sources, to inform the attack strategy. Sources may include:
Domain registration information retrieval
Nonintrusive network scanning
The information helps the penetration testing team map out the attack surface of the target and possible vulnerabilities. Reconnaissance varies with the objectives and scopes of the penetration test as it can be as simple as making a call to check on the functionality of the system.
Scanning. The penetration testing team uses tools to check the target system or website for weaknesses, including:
Application security issues
Open source vulnerabilities
Gaining access. The attacker’s motivations for the data include:
Damaging the company’s reputation
The penetration testing team will determine the best techniques and tools to gain access to the system.
Maintaining access. When the penetration testing team gains access to the target, the simulated attack stays connected to accomplish the goals of:
There are more services to get for pen testing that you can make use of.